PHMSA has issued a notice to offerors and carriers of hazardous materials regarding the 2017-2018 ICAO Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air and Amendment 38-16 of the IMDG Code.
At this time, PHMSA has not made a final decision on whether or not it will be adopting the recent changes to the international standards. Until a decision has been made offerers and carriers will be permitted to use either the 2015-2016 or 2017-2018 standards for markings and labeling. The FAA, FRA, FMCSA, and PHMSA will be following this enforcement discretion until such time as this notice has been modified or rescinded.
PHMSAs Notice Regarding the IMDG Code and ICAO Technical Instructions
The 58th edition of the IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations includes numerous amendments that were made by both the ICAO Dangerous Goods Panel and the IATA Dangerous Goods Board.
Some of the important changes include new shipping classifications, training and instruction requirements, changes regarding packing instructions and performance testing, and several changes to markings and labeling.
Complete List of Amendments
As of January 1, 2017 FedEx Express and UPS will no longer be accepting shipments containing stand alone lithium batteries under the reduced regulations listed in Section II of the IATA PI 965 and 968.
The batteries that fall into that category are small lithium metal (UN 3090) cells not more than 1g and lithium metal batteries not more than 2g. Also included in that category are lithium ion (UN 3480) cells not more than 20Wh and lithium ion batteries not more than 100Wh.
These batteries will be required to be prepared using Section 1A or 1B of the IATA DGR Packing Instruction 965 (for lithium ion) or 968 (for lithium metal).
UPS – Shipping Batteries or Devices With Batteries
FedEx Express – Shipping Lithium Batteries
IATA has released a list of changes that will be included in the 58th edition of the IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations. The changes will cover a variety of topics including lithium ion batteries, dangerous goods in excepted quantities, operator responsibilities, and classification adjustments. All changes will be effective as of January 1, 2017.
Significant Changes and Amendments to the 58TH Edition (2017) DGR
PHMSA has issued a final rule regarding lithium batteries on board aircraft. Passengers and crew members will no longer be permitted to have any type of battery-powered electronic smoking device in their checked luggage. In addition, these devices and their batteries can no longer be charged on board aircraft. Passengers and crew members will be able to have the devices in carry-on luggage.
This final rule will be effective as of June 20, 2016.
Docket No. PHMSA–2015–0165 (HM–262)
The Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Administration issued a safety advisory concerning the transportation of lithium ion batteries on aircraft. The purpose of the safety advisory is to inform those transporting lithium batteries of the actions taken by ICAO in order to enhance safety during transport.
The FAA Tech Centers’ research has highlighted several safety concerns.
Some of those concerns include the fire suppression capabilities not being strong enough on an aircraft to effectively handle the heat and flames that would be occur should the batteries catch fire and the flammable gases from a lithium battery fire may cause a catastrophic explosion.
As a result of this research and recommendations made by ICAO the Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air 2015- 2016 edition has been updated to include the prohibition of lithium batteries as cargo on passenger aircraft that is not either contained in or packed with equipment. Lithium batteries must not exceed 30% of the rated capacity on cargo aircraft, and a limit on the number of lithium ion and lithium metal batteries that can be transported together on cargo aircraft.
Docket No. PHMSA-2016-0014 Notice No. 2016-05
Effective April 1, 2016 lithium batteries will no longer be permitted as cargo on passenger aircraft. Passengers and crew members will still be permitted to carry devices containing lithium batteries in their carry-on luggage. This decision was made following extensive reviews by ICAO Air Navigation Commission, and the UN agency’s Dangerous Goods, Flight Operations, and Airworthiness panels.
ICAO Prohibits Lithium-Ion Batteries as Cargo on Passenger Aircraft
ICAO has issued an addendum to the 57th edition DGR for hazardous materials shipped by air that became effective January 1, 2016. The addendum includes significant changes to various areas of the DGR, including the packaging and transportation of lithium batteries.
Packages that contain two or more pieces of equipment that contain lithium batteries must be labeled. The addendum also includes Appendix H which shows some additional changes being made. They include changes to some UN numbers, proper shipping names, several changes to packaging instructions, revisions to some existing entries, and some new entries.
SIGNIFICANT CHANGES AND AMENDMENTS TO THE 57TH EDITION (2016)
The Federal Aviation Administration released a few strongly recommended actions for certificate holders regarding passengers carrying lithium batteries in their checked luggage. Certificate holders should ensure all personnel handling passenger luggage are aware that they are required to report all incidents involving fire, rupture, explosion or heat sufficient to be dangerous to either packaging or personal safety that occurs as a result of a battery or battery powered device. Make sure the passengers are being informed that spare lithium batteries are not permitted in any of their checked bags. Evaluate the training and communication protocols that your company will follow in the event of an incident involving lithium batteries.
In addition to these recommendations, the FAA also urges certificate holders to ensure that lithium batteries that are in passengers carry on luggage do not exceed the allowable size or quantity permitted by the federal regulations, make sure spare batteries do not come in contact with metal while in the passengers bag, and ensure each battery is individually protected to prevent short circuits.
The International Civil Aviation Organization has published addendum 2 for the 2015-2016 Edition of the Technical Instructions (TI). This addendum contains several editorial revisions throughout the ICAO-TI manual. Adjustments have also been made regarding state and carrier operator variations concerning the transportation of lithium iron and lithium metal batteries.
Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air
ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization) published the first addendum to the Technical Instructions 2015-2016 edition. The addendum inserts a new item 19 into Table 8-1. The new item focuses on battery-powered portable electronic smoking devices. The addendum lists the approved battery sizes and conditions under which a spare battery can be carried.
Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air
Mandatory compliance for the 56th edition of the Dangerous Goods Regulations has been in effect since January 1, 2015 but the International Air Transport Association (IATA) has just issued Addendum 2, which focuses primarily on the transportation of lithium metal and lithium-ion cells and batteries. Many carriers have already banned those items unless they are contained inside equipment. Other items included in this addendum are carrying/charging of electronic cigarettes, carrying of safety devices, dry ice, environmentally hazardous substances, internal combustion engines and radioactive materials. Many of the changes pertain to both passenger and cargo only aircraft.
IATA Dangerous Goods Documentation: Significant changes to 56th Edition
The 56th edition of the IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations incorporates all of the amendments that were made by the ICAO Dangerous Goods Panel and the changes that were adopted by the IATA Dangerous Goods Board. The IATA has published a list to assist users in identifying the main changes introduced in this edition. Please visit the IATA website for more infomration on the amendments and to view the list of changes.
The second ICAO International Multidisciplinary Lithium Battery Transport Coordination Meeting was held to discuss additional measures that were needed to mitigate risks related to the transportation of lithium metal batteries as cargo on passenger aircraft. Participants of this meeting reviewed demonstrations on how reactions differed depending on the battery type, manufacturer and chemistry.
The DGP has proposed that the transport of lithium metal batteries in cargo be restricted to cargo aircraft only. The prohibition on the carraige of lithium metal batteries on passenger aircraft only applies to batteries that are shipped by themselves. It does not apply to lithium metal batteries that are packed with equipment or contained in equipment.
As a result of the first and second meetings there have been several changes to how lithium metal batteries are transported. Some of the changes are as follows:
-The ICAO Council has decided to prohibit the carriage of lithium metal batteries on their own as cargo on passenger aircraft
- An explosion occurred in the two tests to date of lithium ion cells in fire resistant containers. There is a likelihood that the flammable gases that are emitted from venting lithium ion cells can collect and ignite, which could result in an explosion in such containers.
Lithium metal button cells with a lithium content that does not exceed 0.3 grams may not present a significant hazard and should have a separate UN classification to facilitate shipments.
Results of tests conducted have indicated that Class C cargo compartments provide appreciably better protection against the risks associated with a lithium battery fire than any other types of cargo compartments.
To read more about the results of the first and second meeting please visit the following sites:
The ICAO Dangerous Goods Panel held a meeting in Montreal on Lithium Metal Batteries. The proposed banning of such batteries on passenger aircraft was accepted but will not include those packed with or contained in equipment or those carried by passengers in the cabin of the aircraft. There was concern on how to get the essential batteries to locations that were only serviced by passenger aircraft. To meet these needs a special provision A201 was adopted. This provision states that a shipment of lithium metal batteries may be transported only with prior approval from both the appropriate authority of the State of Origin and the State of the Operator under written conditions established by those authorities. Authorities issuing these approvals must provide a copy to the Chief of the Dangerous Goods Section within three months of issuance.
The Air Navigation Commission is expected to approve this decision during their scheduled meeting later this month. As of now the effective date is January 1, 2015 but that date could change depending on how the discussions proceed at the upcoming ANC meeting.
Read the ICAO Lithium Battery Meeting Report
IATA has published a second addendum to the 55th edition of the DGR (2014). One significant change: for transportation of dangerous goods to, from, or within the United Sates, if the material contains two or more hazardous substances, at least two hazardous substances, including two with the lowest reportable quantities (RQs) must be identified on the Shipper’s Declaration and in association with the proper shipping name on package marking.
Please read the entire addendum here: IATA DGR55 Amendment 2
Significant changes to IMDG and IATA for 2014 (effective 1/1/2014) IATA and IMDG regulations have issued their changes for 2014. Please see the significant changes here: IATA-2014 Changes for 55th DGR; IMDG-2014 Amendments. These updates are Mandatory 1/1/2014. Need help navigating these changes? We can help….please contact us about cost-effective training.
Amendment II to 54th Ed. of IATA DGR (2013)
This amendment includes changes to operator variations as well as the removal of Special Provision A51 from UN3480, Lithium Ion Batteries as A51 is only applicable to UN 2794, Batteries, wet, filled with acid and UN 2795, Batteries, wet, filled with alkali.
AMENDMENT III to the 54th Ed. of IATA DGR: Lithium Batteries in Electronic Devices, including Medical Devices
220.127.116.11 Portable Electronic Devices (Including Medical Devices) Containing Batteries (Page 26). Summary: Portable electronic devices containing batteries when carried by passengers or crew for personal use in carry-on baggage. Spare batteries must be individually protected to prevent short circuits by placement in the original retail packaging or by otherwise insulating terminals, e.g. by taping over exposed terminals or placing each battery in a separate plastic bag or protective pouch, and carried in carry-on baggage only. Measures must also be taken to prevent unintentional activation. In addition, IATA has put limits on the lithium content or watt hours for spare batteries.
IATA DGR Amendment 2 to 53rd Edition (2012)
IATA has issued an unprecedented second amendment to the 2012 IATA DGR effective November 1, 2012. This change reflects IATA’s (and ICAO’s) decision to allow postal operators to accept lithium batteries contained in equipment with CAA (Civil Aviation Authority) approval beginning on November 1, 2012. These regulations were intended to be effective January 1, 2013 but some postal carriers were able to obtain approval early, hence the change in effective date. You can see IATA’s website and comments on that same page, as well as the original Amendment 1 to the 53rd edition.